If you believe you have Irritable Bowel Syndrome, seeing your doctor is the first step. IBS is generally diagnosed on the basis of a complete medical history, including a careful description of all the symptoms and a physical examination.
In order to make his diagnosis, your physician will ask you questions about your pain, when and how often it comes on and what factors make it better or worse. He or she may also ask about your bowel movements, with inquiries about how often you open your bowels and what your feces look like.
There is no precise test for IBS, although diagnostic tests may be carried out to exclude alternative problems. These tests could include stool sample testing, blood testing, and x-rays. Typically, a physician will perform a sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy, which allows the doctor to look inside the colon.
Your doctor puts an endoscope into your colon via your behind. The endoscopes imaging software transfers pictures of your insides to a screen so your physician can look at them clearly.
A tissue sample may be taken during the procedure. The sample is removed from the colon wall and reviewed by the lab. This test helps to rule out more serious conditions such as ulcerative colitis.
If your test results are negative, the physician might diagnose IBS depending on your symptoms, which includes how often you have had abdominal pain or discomfort during the past year, when the pain starts and stops in relation to bowel function, and how your bowel frequency and stool consistency have changed.
Like many illnesses, physicians match symptoms to a review of typical issues in order to determine whether a patient has IBS.
Symptoms include things like abdominal pain or discomfort for at least 12 weeks out of the previous 12 months. The weeks of pain may be spread out or sporadic.
Stomach discomfort will have 2 of three of the proceeding indicators:
- Pain disappears once you vacate your bowels.
- When it starts, there is a change in the form of the stool or the way it looks.
- Certain symptoms must also be present, such aHow often the bowel movements occur is altered
Bowel movements look different
Urgent need to defecate that is not controllable
Constipation or person is unable to have a bowel movement
Mucus in the stoolbloating
Bleeding, fever, weight loss, and persistent severe pain are not symptoms of IBS and may indicate other problems such as inflammation, or rarely, cancer.
If you have characteristic IBS symptoms and are age under fifty, then you may not need further tests.
If you are showing weight loss or bloody stools, additional tests might be required.
If bowel problems are in your family history, if you’re presenting symptoms of diarrhea-specific IBS or if you are more than 50 years old and this is the first time you are experiencing indications of IBS, you may be admitted to the hospital for additional testing. Your doctor would admit you because these symptoms are indicators of serious colon-related conditions such as colon cancer.