A growing amount of data implies that excess weight facilitates the development of several health issues like joint diseases, high blood pressure and cardiac problems, and adds to your chances of having cancer and post operative morbidity. Furthermore, being overweight or obese is suggested to foster gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
In contrast to those who have a normal weight, those who are overweight who have a BMI of 25 to 30 kg/m2 have 50% more chances of having GERD, and those who are obese with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 and above are two times more probable to have GERD.
Furthermore, the chances of getting GERD seemed to rise in a dose-response relationship with the ballooning of weight. An increase of 3.5 body mass index units leads to a 2.7 times increased risk of GERD. On the other hand, a loss of 3.5 body mass index units is linked to a reduction of risk by about forty percent.
The mechanisms underlying the link between being overweight and gastro-esophageal reflux disease have not been established. However, it was noted that being overweight has been associated with increased intra-abdominal pressure, impaired gastric emptying, decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure, and increased frequency of transient sphincter relaxation, all of which can lead to increased esophageal acid exposure.
Obesity and being overweight increases your chances of having acidic disorders of the esophagus. It was recommended that upcoming researches must look at the means by which obesity and being overweight bring about these complications, and also the possible outcomes of losing weight. In the meantime, however, it is prudent to counsel all overweight patients who present with GERD-related diseases that weight loss may help improve symptoms.
It was observed in a research as well that there is an obvious connection between BMI and GERD in both sexes. As oppose to men with a BMI lower than 25, the risk factor for GERD is 3.3 times higher to men who have a BMI higher than 35. Severely obese women are 6.3 times more likely to develop GERD than women with normal weight.
The risk is worst in women with a body mass index over 35 who had taken estrogen-only hormone replacements. They are 33 times more likely to have gastro-esophageal reflux disease compared to that of normal-weight, non-hormone users.
This study shows a clear link between GERD and with both being overweight, and estrogen use in women. It is believed that overweight females generate more substances similar to estrogen in their fatty tissue, which may actually be the reason why losing weight decreases the likelihood of having GERD. Thus, this gives us one more motive to beat the bulge insistently.
Excess “baggage” puts more force on your tummy, which could inhibit the lower esophageal sphincter from opening and closing as it should.
If you are overweight, losing just as little as ten to fifteen pounds could improve your GERD symptoms. Healthcare providers suggest as well that those who suffer from GERD should avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes to decrease the strain on their tummy.